At the same time, it is important to recognize that even with the development and adoption of inoculating tools, systems may still be vulnerable to attack. As a result, law-enforcement agencies must be provided with the financial and human resources they need to effectively investigate, track and prosecute cyber offenders. Furthermore, governments must ensure that legal systems, including the courts, also appreciate the impact of cyber crime and are empowered to effectively deal with Internet-related offenses. It is important that the sanctions imposed reflect the impact and importance of the offense, while at the same time are flexible and reflect the proper social context. For minor offenses, jail terms and fines need not be the only form of retribution considered.
A Shared Commitment: A shared commitment is fundamental to controlling cyber crime. All of society must work together to find solutions and identify ways of dealing with the threat of cyber crime. While the private sector can certainly maximize its efforts to improve network security and the justice and law enforcement systems can be empowered with effective means to investigate and prosecute attackers, neither can meet the challenge of cyber crime alone.
As indicated above, both the private and public sectors need to commit significant resources to develop the existing knowledge base on network security, through increased research funding and the training of new specialists in the field. They also need to take part in open discussions on security failings and work together to devise responses to incidents and address the weak links in network defence. A regular dialogue including government officials, law enforcement agencies along with creators and users of computer and Internet technologies would allow each to keep abreast of the latest information on threats, vulnerabilities and attacks and the measures developed to fight them.
All ICT players should recognizes that there is a price to pay for security on the Internet. Because secure networks also translate into more anonymity for criminals, less traceability of messages, difficulties in monitoring communications. But, as we police and protect cyberspace, privacy is a value not to be lost. We must work to ensure society can confront cyber crime without jeopardizing the very values that are fundamental to the continued development and growth of the Internet.
IX. A possible strategy for action:
Concerted efforts are needed to meet the challenge of cyber crime. Cooperation between the private and public sectors, both nationally and internationally, is essential to creating and protecting a secure international information community. All members should be prepared to take action in the following areas, in partnership with national governments and intergovernmental bodies