The dust has settled on India’s longest drawn out Elections. Modi and BJP are firmly into power after defeating decisively their Bête noire Congress. BJP becomes the first non-congress party to win a majority, Modi the first chief minister successfully launching a prime ministerial campaign. NOTA (none of the above) option becomes a reality and gets 60 lakh votes or 1% of all the votes polled.
So how did Modi succeed when many others have failed?
1) Presidential Mode: Modi realized that Indians like tall leaders and leaders who promise them hope and better life. He launched a US style of personalized campaign. Modi projected himself as the deliverer. He put himself before the party. The slogan makes it very clear. Ab Ki Baar – Modi Sarkaar. In the fragmented, fractured Indian polity projecting himself instead of the party was indeed a master stroke. (But there have been instances where voters returned from the both as they could not find Modi’s name on the EVMs).
Lesson: In politics image is everything and MODI projected the image that people wanted to see.
2) Pareto’s law: In simple words Pareto’s law says 80% of the result comes from 20% of the work. Modi realized that it should focus on 7 states where BJP has a presence and where could do well (U.P, Bihar, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Karnataka). These seven states have a total of 276 Lok Sabha seats slightly more than 50% of a total 543 seats.
BJP did remarkably well in these states and won on its own 211 seats and with the help of 18 seats won by Siva Sena (its ally) the total tally go up to 229 that is an astonishing 83% of the seats in these 7 states.
Remarkable in as many as 4 states U.P, Maharashtra, Karnataka and in Bihar BJP was not in power. Its image was not very favorable in Karnataka (BJP’s government was riddled with corruption charges when it was in power the last time it ruled the state).
Modi’s concentration was also on another 7 states where it could do well, Assam, Haryana, Jharkhand, Uttarakand, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Delhi. These send 65 members to the lower house and BJP got 52 out of 65 seats a whopping 80%.
Combined BJP walked away with 211+52 = 267 (6 shy of the magic figure) seats by concentrating on 14 out of 28 states.
Lesson: Build on your strengths and maximize your performance.
3) Rabble rousing: Everyone loves a underdog and Indians are no exceptions. MODI projected himself as a daheti (local son of the soil) fighting the gigantic Congress headed by Sonia Gandhi and Rahul Gandhi. He effectively used his very humble beginnings (a tea stall owner) and his lower caste birth to his advantage. Oounch, Neech become the bullets that MODI and Rahul fired at each other. MODI used the in experience of Rahul to his advantage. Along the way came the MODI punchlines and promises:
Lesson: Voters love hearing from a leader what they want to listen. They want to be assured that their future is safe and MODI appeared to be one among them and he was connecting on a personal level.